Tag: Power factor

11.4 Practical Power Factor Correction
When the need arises to correct for poor power factor in an AC power system, you probably won’t have the luxury of knowing the load’s exact inductance in henrys to use for your calculations. You may be fortunate enough to have an instrument called a power factor meter to tell you what the power factor…

11.3 Calculating Power Factor
As was mentioned before, the angle of this “power triangle” graphically indicates the ratio between the amount of dissipated (or consumed) power and the amount of absorbed/returned power. It also happens to be the same angle as that of the circuit’s impedance in polar form. When expressed as a fraction, this ratio between true power…

11.2 True, Reactive, and Apparent Power
Reactive Power We know that reactive loads such as inductors and capacitors dissipate zero power, yet the fact that they drop voltage and draw current gives the deceptive impression that they actually do dissipate power. This “phantom power” is called reactive power, and it is measured in a unit called VoltAmpsReactive (VAR), rather than watts.…

11.1 Power in Resistive and Reactive AC circuits
Consider a circuit for a singlephase AC power system, where a 120 volt, 60 Hz AC voltage source is delivering power to a resistive load: (Figure below) Ac source drives a purely resistive load. In this example, the current to the load would be 2 amps, RMS. The power dissipated at the load would be…