Chapter 5 – Series And Parallel Circuits

When calculating the power dissipation of resistive components, use any one of the three power equations to derive the answer from values of voltage, current, and/or resistance pertaining to each component:

This is easily managed by adding another row to our familiar table of voltages, currents, and resistances:

Power for any particular table column can be found by the appropriate Ohm’s Law equation (*appropriate *based on what figures are present for E, I, and R in that column).

An interesting rule for total power versus individual power is that it is additive for *any* configuration of the circuit: series, parallel, series/parallel, or otherwise. Power is a measure of the rate of work, and since power dissipated *must* equal the total power applied by the source(s) (as per the Law of Conservation of Energy in physics), circuit configuration has no effect on the mathematics.

**REVIEW:**

- Power is additive in
*any*configuration of resistive circuit: P_{Total}= P_{1}+ P_{2}+ . . . P_{n}