22A “photon” is a quantity of light energy represented as a particle, along the same scale as an electron. It isn’t entirely fair to characterize light as either consisting of waves or as consisting of particles, because light tends to manifest properties of both. Actually, this may be said of any sub-atomic particle (such as an electron) as well: under certain conditions these particles act like clumps of matter, and under different conditions they tend to act as waves of electromagnetic energy. This particle-wave duality lies at the heart of quantum physics, and continues to be something of a philosophical mystery simply because the behavior defies the macroscopic constructs we are accustomed to using when modeling the natural world.