^{48}Lusser’s Law of Reliability states that the total reliability of a system dependent on the function of several
independent components is the mathematical product of those components’ individual reliabilities. For example, a system with
three essential components, each of those components having an individual reliability value of 70%, will exhibit a reliability of
only 34.3% because 0.7 × 0.7 × 0.7 = 0.343. This is why a safety function may utilize a pressure transmitter rated for use
in SIL-3 applications, but exhibit a much lower total SIL rating due to the use of an ordinary final control
element.